X Median R Chart Formulas

The XMedianR Chart works just like the XbarR chart except that it uses the median instead of the average as a measure of central tendency.

Here are the XMedianR Chart formulas used in QI Macros for both the Range and Median charts.

Range Chart Formula


X Median Chart Formula


n = number of samples in a subgroup

k = number of subgroups used to determine the average median and range

Conforms with AIAG SPC 2nd Edition

Process: Calculate, plot, and evaluate the range chart first. If it is "out of control," so is the process. If the range chart looks okay, then calculate, plot, and evaluate the X Chart.

Note: There are no known calculations for constants in an XMedianR Chart where n > 100

Other Resources

The XMedianR Chart is just one of the tools included in the QI Macros for Excel SPC Software for Excel.

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